Professional Services

A Concise Explanation to Bunions and Bunion Surgery

Plenty have heard the word bunion, or heard of others complaining about pain causing Bunions in Austin. But that doesn’t mean to say everybody fully understands or knows the medical definition of it. For those who suffer from tender bunions or do require bunion surgery, it is easy to say that the real understanding only really comes from experience. However, getting a bunion surgery is becoming more common by the day. A fundamental knowledge of the foot’s work and the things to expect right after bunion surgery can be helpful for both the caregiver and the patient.

What is a Bunion?

Bunion, by definition, is a kind of foot malformation wherein the big toe turns outward. What happens is that the first joint of which the toe and foot meet, turns out whilst the toe’s tip turns toward the other toes. So there is then the outwardly turned joint, which is made of bone and soft tissues that over time becomes subject to more wear and tear. With that happening, the size of the bunion becomes larger. This enlarged joined considerably deformed because of the outward turn is now what is so called the bunion.

What causes bunions?

Bunions in Austin usually occur through the prolonged wearing of odd or ill fitting, narrow toed footwear or shoes. In minority cases, bunions are caused by joint diseases, like arthritis and or other hereditary causes. Knowing the fact that ill fitting, narrow toed shoes happen to be the usual culprit, it comes to no surprise why most bunion sufferers are women. Highly heeled and narrowly toed shoes that are either too small or too tight are the biggest cause of bunions for women. For many podiatry patients, the pain and relief from bunions can stem from remedies that do not involve surgery. But for others, it is a must to undergo the process.

When do bunions require surgery?

Some of the signals that surgery is indeed the recommended option might include a painful sensation that is not remedied by non-surgical means, a big toe overlapping the smaller ones, profusely consistent pain affecting mobility, and decrease in leg and foot motion. For the surgeon to determine the appropriate kind of bunion surgery to take, knowing the cause as well as the severity would be the first and most important steps. There happens to be five major bunion surgery type namely resection anthroplasty, arthrodesis, exostectomy, osteotomy, and ligament or tendon repair. Whichever the type, bunion surgery is driven by the purpose of relieving the pain, correcting the deformity and realigning the joint accordingly.

Typically, bunion surgery is set out as a simple outpatient surgery. The medical team determines whether general or local anesthesia must be applied. When the surgery is finally complete, it is normal to undergo a brief recovery period before checking out of the hospital. The surgeon will then prescribe the patient with a couple of homecare routines that will typically included instructions pertaining to changing clothing, reducing foot activity, pain medication, when shoes are worn so as to avoid the re-occurrence of the pre-surgery bunion.